Facts & Figures

More interesting than you might think!

Nature is abundant in New Brunswick, the largest of the Maritime Provinces,  covering 73,440 square kilometres.  The province's highest peak is Mount Carleton at 820 metres (2,690 feet), which is part of the Appalachian Range, and is the centre of Mount Carleton Provincial Park, in northern New Brunswick. 

New Brunswick is Canada's only officially bilingual province, with 33% french-speaking population.  It's capital is the city of Fredericton.  The total population is 729,997 people (2006 census).  There are 8 cities, as listed below. 

Saint John 68,043
Moncton 64,128
Fredericton 50,535
Dieppe 18,565
Miramichi 18,129
Edmundston 16,643
Bathurst 12,714
Campbellton 7,834


History & Symbols


Origin of name

New Brunswick's name originated from the name of the duchy of New Brunswick in Germany, who was in possession of Britain's King George III in 1794, the year the province was established.

Provincial Flag

Based on the provincial coat of arms, New Brunswick's flag was adopted in 1965.  A galley ship in the yellow background symbolizes the importance of shipbuilding in the province, as it sails on waves of white and blue.  The lion at the top of the flad represents the connection between New Brunswick and England. 

Coat of Arms

The shield on the coat of arms, which links the province of New Brunswick with England and the United Kingdom through the lion and celebrates the provinces maritime location and shipbuilding and seafaring heritage, was assigned by Queen Victoria in 1868.  Other features of the coat of arms were assigned by Queen Elizabeth II in 1984, during her visit to the capital, Fredericton. 

Provincial Flower

The purple violet (Viola cucullata), a perrenial which blooms between May and July.  It was adopted in 1936, at the request of the Women's Institute. 

Provincial Tree

The balsam fir (Abies balsamea) was proclaimed to be an official symbol of New Brunswick on May 1, 1987 .  Important today in the lumbering and pulp and paper industries, the balsam fir is one of the best Christmas trees on the market and adapts easily to a wide range of growing conditions.

Provincial Bird

The black-capped chickadee was proclaimed as the official bird of New Brunswick in August 1983, following a contest conducted by the provincial Federation of Naturalists. A small, tame acrobatic bird, the chickadee is distinctly patterned with a combination of a black cap and bib, white cheeks and buff sides. Its distinctive "chickadee-dee-dee" call is heard throughout the year. Its clear, high-whistled "phe-be, phe-be-be" call is a signal spring has arrived.

Provincial Salmon Fly, designated "Picture Province"

Designed by Warren Duncan, this salmon fly was created using a tag of gold to symbolize the value of Atlantic Salmon in New Brunswick.  It also includes a butt of green in honour of the fiddlehead; a tail or red goose fibres matching that of the Canadian flag, to represent our national ties; a cranberry red body, as it is one of our province's official colours; a rib of medium oval gold tinsel; a hackle of lemon yellow representing the background colour of New Brunswick's flag, and a wing of hair from the black bear and a head of black. 

Provincial Tartan

The provincial tartan was designed by the Loomcrofters of Gagetown, N.B., and officially adopted in 1959. It is registered at the Court of The Lord Lyon, King of Arms in Scotland . Represented in the design are the forest green of lumbering, the meadow green of agriculture, the blue of coastal and inland waters, all interwoven with gold, a symbol of the province's potential wealth. The red blocks represent the loyalty and devotion of the early Loyalist settlers and the Royal New Brunswick Regiment.


Information and images courtesy of Communications New Brunswick (www.gnb.ca/cnb)